- Jun Wang, the head of the BGI sequencing powerhouse. The incredible productive efficiency of BGI has moved huge projects on human and other life forms variability from imagination to actual reality. The Center is taking a leading role in sequencing 10,000 vertebrates through the Genome 10K project; 5,000 insects and other arthropods through the i5k initiative; and more than 1,000 birds, including some extinct ones in a separate project. Moreover BGI has launched the Million Project, aimed to expand the sequenced samples to 1M for human, animals, plants and bacteria. This would increase out knowledge about life on earth, how it works and how it has developed.
- Cedric Blanpain has used single cell sequencing to track down the evolution of single tumor cells, discovering that they descend clonally from different progenitor cells (some kind of tumor stem cells) in the tumor mass. This also implies that a tumor mass is composed by different cells populations with peculiar properties and different response to therapies.
- Elizabeth Iorns, who has focused her attention on reproducibility of results published in scientific papers. With the number of frauds and retractions increasing in the last 3 years, also as a drawback of fund cuts and consequent higher pressure for publication, the transparency of paper and new methods of quality checking are topics to care about. With this in mind Iorns founded the Reproducibility Initiative, based in Palo Alto, California, which allows authors to submit their papers for replication.
- Bernardo de Bernardinis, which in 2009 was deputy head of the Italian Department of Civil Protection and involved in the recent trial for missing communication and inadequate assessment of seismic risk for the earthquake disaster in Aquila. The trial has assumed an international relevance mainly because it suggests direct responsibility for the scientific committee called to evaluate the actual seismic risk for the city.
“I am proud to honor these inspiring American innovators,” President Obama said. “They represent the ingenuity and imagination that has long made this Nation great—and they remind us of the enormous impact a few good ideas can have when these creative qualities are unleashed in an entrepreneurial environment.”.
Dr. Sallie Chisholm, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA. Marine ecology.
Dr. Sidney Drell, Stanford University, CA.
Dr. Sandra Faber, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA. Formation and evolution of galaxies and the evolution of structure in the universe.
Dr. Sylvester James Gates, University of Maryland, MD. Supersymmetry theory.
Dr. Solomon Golomb, University of Southern California, CA
Dr. John Goodenough, University of Texas at Austin, TX. Relationships between the chemistry, structure and electrical properties of solids in order to design new or improved technical materials.
Dr. M. Frederick Hawthorne, University of Missouri, MO. International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine.
Dr. Leroy Hood, Institute for Systems Biology, WA. Integrating biology, technology and computation to create a predictive, personalized, preventive and participatory approach to medicine.
Dr. Barry Mazur, Harvard University, MA. Number theory, Automorphic forms, and related issues in algebraic geometry.
Dr. Lucy Shapiro, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA. Mechanisms used to generate the three-dimensional organization of a cell from a one-dimensional genetic code; define these mechanisms using both molecular genetics and biochemistry.
Dr. Anne Treisman, Princeton University, NJ. Visual attention, object perception and memory. Explore the nature of the limits to human perception, the information-processing that results in the perception of objects and events.